5 Bloodiest Civil Wars

War has always been part of mankind’s History, here is a summary of our latest YouTube videos, the 5 bloodiest civil wars of the 2nd millennium.

No 5 – The American Civil War

The American civil war took place during the second part of the nineteenth century, precisely from 1861 to 1865. It is believed that the main cause of the war lies around the issue of slavery. Abraham Lincoln who was elected in 1860 clearly supported the fact that slavery should be banned from the US, something southern states whose economy was relying on the slavery business saw as a violation of their constitutional rights. So in order to be free to conduct their own economy, 7 states broke out of the union to form the confederacy, which will soon grow to 13 members. Hostilities began when fort Sumter was attacked by the confederacy, thus leading to a war that lasted 4 years. The total number of casualties resulting from this conflict reaches nearly the 6 digit figures, an estimate of 1 million men, the vast majority of them soldiers, lost their lives in this conflict.


Abraham Lincoln – 16th President of The United States of America

 No 4 – Rwandan civil War – Genocide


Rwanda is a tiny country located in the eastern part of Africa. The country is dramatically known through its civil war that led to a mass genocide. When President Habyarimana was assassinated on the 6th of April 1994, a violent sequence of murder soon followed and the Hutu ethnic group (the tribe in power) were provided with tons of machetes to carry brutal mass execution of Tutsis. This mass killing started to take place in April 1994 and lasted 3 months. The RPF forces led by the actual Rwandan President Paul Kagame, fought government forces in order to gain control over the country. It became clear to the international community that Rwanda was at war within itself. Within a couple of months, the RPF gained control of the entire country, stopping the mass killings. The civil war is responsible for the displacement of millions of refugees towards neighboring countries and the ruthless killing of a minimum of 1,000,000 civilians.

H.E. Paul KAGAME President

Paul Kagame – President of Rwanda

No 3 – The Nigerian (Biafra) Civil War


Biafra is a south east province of Nigeria, mainly populated by the Ibo people, whose oil resources proved to be the root of the civil war that lasted from 1967 to 1970. As a matter of fact, western powers, mainly France went as far as providing weapons and training to Biafra rebels led by the general Odjukwu in order to ensure a successful break away from the federal state of Nigeria. Gabon, a central African republic located south of Cameroun, was used as the main base of operations through its capital Libreville, facilitating air shipments to rebels in Biafra under the supervision of French officials. The aftermath of the war was chaotic, nearly 3 million people killed, the vast majority of them being women and children who died of hunger or sickness.


French Official Jeacques Foccart (on the Left) and Omar Bongo (Gabonese President).

No 2 – Chinese Civil War 1927 – 1949

China, the most populated country in the world had a violent past mostly dominated by war for conquests. The most significant war of the second millennium was with no doubt the civil war that drove factions loyal to the government of the Chinese republic led by the General Chiang Kai Shek, also known as the Kuomintang and those loyal to the communist party of China (present day ruling party) led by the famous Mao Zedong. Although both parties agreed to unify their strength to counter the Japanese invasion in the land from 1937 they still resumed hostilities in 1946, clearly they just could not get along. After 4 years of intense battles and atrocities committed on both sides, the communist party had control over mainland China, while the Kuomintang was left ruling the Island of Taiwan and many other islands, with both sides claiming to be the ruling government of China. A total number of 8,000,000 people lost their lives as a result of this conflict.

No 1 – Russian Civil War 1917 – 1921


Russia, the biggest country in the world with regards to land mass is known for its war history. In fact it is very hard to think about a major war where Russia was not involved. But it is known that the civil war of 1917 -1921 shaped the Russian Empire into the USSR, the Soviet Union led by Vladimir Lenin and later on Joseph Stalin. The execution of Tsar Nicolas II and his entire family in July 1918 was a significant event in the civil war outbreak. Western powers joined the conflict in order to restore the monarchy, since Nicolas the second was the cousin of both Georges V of the British Empire (as you can see the striking resemblance below) and Wilhelm II of the German empire. They solely recognized Alexander Kolchak, commander of the white army as the Ruler of Russia and supported his fight against Lenin’s Bolsheviks. Despite such significant support, the red army still overcame the western coalition. Nevertheless, the former Russian Empire lost a significant portion of its territory, with the birth of Poland and Finland as sovereign states. The war was bloody, with several casualties including soldiers and mostly civilians. It is estimated that a total of 9,000,000 people lost their lives during the years of this civil war, the bloodiest in Europe’s history.

Funny Resemblance

Tsar Nicolas II and King Georges V

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