Facts concerning Diamonds, our Top 10.

Top 10 Facts concerning Diamonds.

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 10.

Diamonds are derived from carbon containing minerals, they are formed from 140 to 190 kilometres deep within the earth’s mantle, at high temperature and pressure. Such process takes approximatively 1 to 3 billion years. They are then delivered to the surface by deep sources volcanic eruptions.

Diamonds 2

Just so nice to look at them…

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 9.

The word diamond is derived from the Greek word “adamas”, which basically means “unconquerable” or “indestructible”. It simply translates the expression of the fact that a diamond is the hardest natural substance on earth.

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 8.

Being the hardest natural substance produced on earth, a diamond has a very high melting point of 6420 degrees Fahrenheit. It corresponds to 3547 degrees Celsius and 3820 degrees Kelvin.

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 7.

On average in the world, the production of one single carat (0.2 gram) requires 250 tons of earth to be mined.

russia-diamond-mine

Modern Diamond Mine in Russia

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 6.

In the thirteenth century, French king Louis the ninth decreed that only him could wear diamonds. Thus diamond became a clear symbol of wealth and power.

Louis IX

Louis IX

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 5.

Russia is the world’s top producer of diamonds, with a production of 39 million carats in 2014. It is followed by Botswana with 23 million carats in 2013 and DRC with 15 million carats produced in 2013 as well.

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 4.

The United States are the world’s largest diamond importers. Although they account for 1% of gems production, America buys more than half of all gems available in the entire world market.

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 3.

80% of all produced diamonds are not suitable for jewelries, they are used in the industry for several purposes. For example, depending on the surface to be drilled, diamond drill bits will be used for complex ground layers.

Facts Concerning Diamonds, Diamond Drill Bit

Diamond Drill Bit

Facts concerning Diamonds, No 2.

The biggest diamond ever mined is the Cullinan Diamond, which weighed 3106.75 carats, the equivalent of 621 grams. It was discovered in 1905 in the premier mine near Pretoria, in the republic of South Africa. The initial stone was cut in 9 polished gems, which are mostly owned by the British monarchy.

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Facts concerning Diamonds, No 1.

55 Cancri e is a planet located 40 light years away, with a diameter twice the size of the earth’s, located in the constellation of cancer. It is believed that a third of its composition is made of solid diamond, thus making it the biggest diamond ever found in the universe to date.

55_cancri_e

55 Cancri e representation

Comments
8 Comments
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